Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Avalynn Orr
Economic profit is determined by economic principles, not GAAP. Just like accounting profit, costs are deducted from revenues. Economic profit uses implicit costs, not just explicit costs. Implicit costs are considered opportunity costs and are normally the company's own resources. Examples of implicit costs include company-owned buildings, equipment and self-employment resources. Economic profit computations are not normally limited to time periods like accounting profit computations are. Economic profit is used more to judge total value of the company somewhat like the performance metric economic value added (EVA) would and is helpful in calculating total production costs.
Economic profit is the difference between the revenue a firm earns from sales and the firm’s total opportunity costs. It’s important to distinguish between accounting profit and economic profit. Accounting profit is total revenue minus the explicit costs of producing goods or services. Explicit costs are things like raw materials and employee wages. This is what most people are referring to when they talk about profit.
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