Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Avalynn Orr
The cost of equity can be a bit tricky to calculate as share capital carries no "explicit" cost. Unlike debt, which the company must pay in the form of predetermined interest, equity does not have a concrete price that the company must pay, but that doesn't mean no cost of equity exists.
Economic profit is a measurement of opportunity cost. Opportunity cost is the value of the trade-off when a decision is made. For example, an individual may consider returning to school to get a degree but in doing so, needs to quit his current job. The individual should consider not only the cost of tuition and books, but the income he forgoes by pursing a degree. This lost opportunity to make money, or opportunity cost, is the underlying purpose of calculating economic profit.
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