Finance Formulas / April 23, 2018 / Luz Tyson
DuPont analysis is a fundamental performance measurement framework popularized by the DuPont Corporation and is also referred to as the "DuPont identity." DuPont analysis is a useful technique used to decompose the different drivers of the return on equity (ROE). Decomposition of ROE allows investors to focus their research on the distinct company performance indicators otherwise cursory evaluation.
In the short run, a firm can make an economic profit. However, if there is economic profit, other firms will want to enter the market. If the market has no barriers to entry, new firms will enter, increase the supply of the commodity, and decrease the price. This decrease in price leads to a decrease in the firm’s revenue, so in the long-run, economic profit is zero. An economic profit of zero is also known as a normal profit. Despite earning an economic profit of zero, the firm may still be earning a positive accounting profit.
The contribution margin is an integral aspect when calculating the break-even point of sales or a target level of sales. The contribution margin determines the portion of each sale that is attributed to covering fixed costs. For this reason, fixed costs divided by the contribution margin results in the number of units needed to be sold to break-even. To find a target net income, the target amount is added to total fixed costs.
Since bonds are an essential part of the capital markets, investors and analysts seek to understand how the different features of a bond interact in order to determine its intrinsic value. Like a stock, the value of a bond determines whether it is a suitable investment for a portfolio and hence, is an integral step in bond investing.
In Case You Missed It