Finance Formulas / August 4, 2018 / Kenzie Kennedy
Compound interest is the addition of interest to the principal sum of a loan or deposit, or in other words, interest on interest. It is the result of reinvesting interest, rather than paying it out, so that interest in the next period is then earned on the principal sum plus previously accumulated interest. Compound interest is standard in finance and economics.
Knowing the Cross Price Elasticity of Demand of its own and other related products allows a firm to map out the market. The firm can then calculate how many competitors it has, and how closely related they are. It also allows a firm to measure how important its complementary products are to its own products.
Companies fund their capital purchases with equity and borrowed capital. The equity capitalstockholders' equity can also be viewed as a company's net assets (total assets minus total liabilities). Investors contribute their share of (paid-in) capital as stockholders, which is the basic source of total stockholders' equity. The amount of paid-in capital from an investor is a factor in determining hisher ownership percentage.
The higher the debt ratio, the more leveraged a company is, implying greater financial risk. At the same time, leverage is an important tool that companies use to grow, and many businesses find sustainable uses for debt.
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