Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Alia Marquez
A dividend is a payment made by a corporation to its shareholders, usually as a distribution of profits. When a corporation earns a profit or surplus, the corporation is able to re-invest the profit in the business (called retained earnings) and pay a proportion of the profit as a dividend to shareholders. Distribution to shareholders may be in cash (usually a deposit into a bank account) or, if the corporation has a dividend reinvestment plan, the amount can be paid by the issue of further shares or share repurchase.
Meanwhile, upset that he is only earning $40 per year, the original investor decides to sell, but to entice others to buy his bond instead of bonds directly from ABC Corporation, he lowers his price. For example, he lowers it to $650, making its effective annual yield $40$650 or 6.15%. If the bond issuer had not increased its rates, the investor might not have had to sell his bond for less than its face value.
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