Finance Formulas / June 17, 2018 / Alyvia French
The balance sheet is a complex display of this equation, showing that the total assets of a company are equal to the total of liabilities and shareholder equity, or said differently, all uses of capital (assets) are equal to all sources capital (debt: liabilities and equity: shareholders' equity).
Every business has assets, or things that the company owns and uses in its business in order to make money. These assets can include not just tangible items like cash, supplies, buildings, and equipment, but also intangible assets like trademarks and copyrights. The asset turnover ratio is a number that shows how much revenue is being earned for every dollar the company has spent on assets. It represents how well a company uses its assets to make money.
Accounts receivable is the balance of money due to a firm for goods or services delivered or used but not yet paid for by customers. Said another way, account receivable are amounts of money owed by customers to another entity for goods or services delivered or used on credit but not yet paid for by clients.
The cash ratio is the ratio of a company's total cash and cash equivalents (CCE) to its current liabilities. The metric calculates a company's ability to repay its short-term debt; this information is useful to creditors when deciding how much debt, if any, they would be willing to extend to the asking party. The cash ratio is generally a more conservative look at a company's ability to cover its liabilities than many other liquidity ratios because other assets, including accounts receivable, are left out of the equation.
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