Finance Formulas / July 11, 2018 / Iliana Williamson
In contrast, implicit costs are the opportunity costs of factors of production that a producer already owns. The implicit cost is what the firm must give up in order to use its resources; in other words, an implicit cost is any cost that results from using an asset instead of renting, selling, or lending it. For example, a paper production firm may own a grove of trees. The implicit cost of that natural resource is the potential market price the firm could receive if it sold it as lumber instead of using it for paper production.
To force banks to increase capital buffers, and ensure they can withstand financial distress before they become insolvent, Basel III rules would tighten both tier-1 capital and risk-weighted assets (RWAs). The equity component of tier-1 capital has to have at least 4.5% of RWAs. The tier-1 capital ratio has to be at least 6%. Basel III also introduced a minimum leverage ratio, with Tier-1 capital must be at least 3% of total assets, and more for global systemically important banks that are too big to fail. The Basel III rules have yet to be finalized due to an impasse between the U.S. and Europe.
We Also Think You’ll Like