Finance Formulas / July 16, 2018 / Alia Marquez
Consider the following example to illustrate the concept. Assume hypothetical company BigBox has operating income or earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) of $100 million in Year 1, with interest expense of $10 million, and has 100 million shares outstanding. (For the sake of clarity, let’s ignore the effect of taxes for the moment.)
Liabilities include all of the money a company owes. Similarly to assets, liabilities are divided into current liabilities, which include things like rent, tax, utilities, debts that are payable within a year, and dividends payable. "Long-term liabilities" generally refers to long-term debt the company has issued (bonds), but can include other non-immediate expenses such as pension obligations.
EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial figure that measures a company's profitability before deductions that are considered somewhat superfluous to the business decision-making process. These deductions are interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, all of which are not part of a company's operating costs and are therefore not associated with the maintenance and administration of a business on a day-to-day basis.
What does the debt service coverage ratio mean? A DSCR greater than 1.0 means there is sufficient cash flow to cover debt service. A DSCR below 1.0 indicates there is not enough cash flow to cover debt service. However, just because a DSCR of 1.0 is sufficient to cover debt service does not mean it’s all that’s required.
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