Finance Formulas / June 25, 2018 / Rory Wise
The current ratio is a liquidity ratio that measures a company's ability to pay short-term and long-term obligations. To gauge this ability, the current ratio considers the current total assets of a company (both liquid and illiquid) relative to that company’s current total liabilities.
The cash ratio is the ratio of a company's total cash and cash equivalents (CCE) to its current liabilities. The metric calculates a company's ability to repay its short-term debt; this information is useful to creditors when deciding how much debt, if any, they would be willing to extend to the asking party. The cash ratio is generally a more conservative look at a company's ability to cover its liabilities than many other liquidity ratios because other assets, including accounts receivable, are left out of the equation.
Contribution margin is a product’s price minus all associated variable costs, resulting in the incremental profit earned for each unit sold. The total contribution margin generated by an entity represents the total earnings available to pay for fixed expenses and to generate a profit. The contribution margin concept is useful for deciding whether to allow a lower price in special pricing situations. If the contribution margin at a particular price point is excessively low or negative, it would be unwise to continue selling a product at that price. It is also useful for determining the profits that will arise from various sales levels.
The Debt Service Coverage Ratio, usually abbreviated as DSCR or just DCR, is an important concept in real estate finance and commercial lending. It’s critical when underwriting commercial real estate and business loans, as well as tenant financials, and is a key part of determining the maximum loan amount. In this article we’ll take a deep dive into the debt service coverage ratio and walk through several examples along the way.
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