Finance Formulas / July 16, 2018 / Luz Tyson
Accounting profit is the difference between total monetary revenue and total monetary costs, and is computed by using generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Put another way, accounting profit is the same as bookkeeping costs and consists of credits and debits on a firm’s balance sheet. These consist of the explicit costs a firm has to maintain production (for example, wages, rent, and material costs). The monetary revenue is what a firm receives after selling its product in the market.
Annual Percentage rate (APR) explains the cost of borrowing with a variety of loans, including credit cards and mortgage loans. Costs are quoted as a percentage. For example, if your loan has an APR of 10 percent, you would pay $10 per $100 that you borrow each year. All other things being equal, the loan with the lowest APR is typically least expensive—but it’s usually more complicated than that.
Spreading the cost over multiple accounting periods helps provide a clearer picture of how your expenditures compare with your earnings. It also ensures that your accounting complies with federal rules for calculating depreciation.
Economic profit is not recorded on a company’s financial statements nor is it required to be disclosed to regulators, investors or financial institutions. Meanwhile, accounting profit is a widely used performance measurement to indicate the overall financial success of an organization. Accounting profit measures the actual cash outlays and inflows, while economic profits incorporate a "what if" analysis. For this reason, an entity may report an accounting profit but realize an economic loss because resources could have been utilized better.
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