Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Kenley Hopper
The accounting equation is sometimes referred to as the "basic accounting equation" or balance sheet equation could also be written as Shareholders' Equity = Assets – Liabilities, where the statement is rearranged to reflect the residual claim of equity owners. Alternatively, one can rearrange the accounting statement and the results of the equation will still hold if done properly.
Discounted cash flow models are powerful, but they do have shortcomings. DCF is merely a mechanical valuation tool, which makes it subject to the axiom "garbage in, garbage out." Small changes in inputs can result in large changes in the value of a company. Instead of trying to project the cash flows to infinity, terminal value techniques are often used. A simple annuity is used to estimate the terminal value past 10 years, for example. This is done because it is harder to come to a realistic estimate of the cash flows as time goes on.
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