Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Rory Wise
Average total assets is defined as the average amount of assets recorded on a company's balance sheet at the end of the current year and preceding year. This figure is most commonly used in comparison to the total sales figure for the current year, to determine the amount of assets required to support a certain amount of sales. This is a useful comparison, since a low asset level in comparison to sales implies that the management team is making highly efficient use of its assets in running the business.
Economic profit is determined by economic principles, not GAAP. Just like accounting profit, costs are deducted from revenues. Economic profit uses implicit costs, not just explicit costs. Implicit costs are considered opportunity costs and are normally the company's own resources. Examples of implicit costs include company-owned buildings, equipment and self-employment resources. Economic profit computations are not normally limited to time periods like accounting profit computations are. Economic profit is used more to judge total value of the company somewhat like the performance metric economic value added (EVA) would and is helpful in calculating total production costs.
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