Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Tatiana Douglas
Economic profit includes the opportunity costs a company loses or gains by making a decision to pursue one avenue towards revenue, thus passing by a different opportunity which also might have produced revenue. A firm can have a large accounting profit, but no economic profit.
The debt-to-equity ratio (DE) is a financial ratio indicating the relative proportion of shareholders' equity and debt used to finance a company's assets. Closely related to leveraging, the ratio is also known as risk, gearing or leverage. The two components are often taken from the firm's balance sheet or statement of financial position (so-called book value), but the ratio may also be calculated using market values for both, if the company's debt and equity are publicly traded, or using a combination of book value for debt and market value for equity financially.
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