# Increasing Annuity Formula

Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Alia Marquez

What does the debt service coverage ratio mean? A DSCR greater than 1.0 means there is sufficient cash flow to cover debt service. A DSCR below 1.0 indicates there is not enough cash flow to cover debt service. However, just because a DSCR of 1.0 is sufficient to cover debt service does not mean it’s all that’s required.

### Unit Product Cost Formula

#### Total Interest Formula

##### Total Stockholders Equity Formula
###### Rate Of Return On Investment Formula

Annual Percentage rate (APR) explains the cost of borrowing with a variety of loans, including credit cards and mortgage loans. Costs are quoted as a percentage. For example, if your loan has an APR of 10 percent, you would pay \$10 per \$100 that you borrow each year. All other things being equal, the loan with the lowest APR is typically least expensive—but it’s usually more complicated than that.

Given that the debtequity ratio measures a company’s debt relative to the total value of its stock, it is most often used to gauge the extent to which a company is taking on debt as a means of leveraging (attempting to increase its value by using borrowed money to fund various projects). A high debtequity ratio generally means that a company has been aggressive in financing its growth with debt. Aggressive leveraging practices are often associated with high levels of risk. This may result in volatile earnings as a result of the additional interest expense.

The purpose of the customer lifetime value metric is to assess the financial value of each customer. Don Peppers and Martha Rogers are quoted as saying, some customers are more equal than others. Customer lifetime value differs from customer profitability or CP (the difference between the revenues and the costs associated with the customer relationship during a specified period) in that CP measures the past and CLV looks forward. As such, CLV can be more useful in shaping managers’ decisions but is much more difficult to quantify. While quantifying CP is a matter of carefully reporting and summarizing the results of past activity, quantifying CLV involves forecasting future activity.

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