Finance Formulas / July 18, 2018 / Rory Wise
DuPont analysis is a fundamental performance measurement framework popularized by the DuPont Corporation and is also referred to as the "DuPont identity." DuPont analysis is a useful technique used to decompose the different drivers of the return on equity (ROE). Decomposition of ROE allows investors to focus their research on the distinct company performance indicators otherwise cursory evaluation.
The formula for debt-service coverage ratio requires net operating income and total debt service of the entity. Net operating income is a company's revenue minus its operating expenses, not including taxes and interest payments. It is often considered equivalent of earnings before interest and tax (EBIT). Some calculations include non-operating income in EBIT, however, which is never the case for net operating income. As a lender or investor comparing different companies' credit-worthiness – or a manager comparing different years' or quarters' – it is important to apply consistent criteria when calculating DSCR. As a borrower, it is important to realize that lenders may calculate DSCR in slightly different ways.
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