Finance Formulas / July 18, 2018 / Rory Wise
Down payment (or downpayment, also called a deposit in British English), is a payment used in the context of the purchase of expensive items such as a car and a house, whereby the payment is the initial upfront portion of the total amount due and it is usually given in cash at the time of finalizing the transaction. A loan or the amount in cash is then required to make the full payment.
The balance sheet is a complex display of this equation, showing that the total assets of a company are equal to the total of liabilities and shareholder equity, or said differently, all uses of capital (assets) are equal to all sources capital (debt: liabilities and equity: shareholders' equity).
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