Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Rory Wise
An economic profit or loss is the difference between the revenue received from the sale of an output and the opportunity cost of the inputs used. In calculating economic profit, opportunity costs are deducted from revenues earned. Opportunity costs are the alternative returns foregone by using the chosen inputs, and as a result, a person can have a significant accounting profit with little to no economic profit.
Earnings per share, the value of earnings per share of outstanding common stock, is a very important measure to assess a company's financial health. When reporting financial results, revenue and EPS are the two most commonly assessed metrics. EPS is reported on a company's income statement, and only public companies are required to report it. In their earnings reports, companies report both primary and diluted EPS, but the focus is generally on the more conservative diluted EPS measure. Dilutive EPS is considered a conservative metric because it indicates a worst-case scenario in terms of EPS.
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