Finance Formulas / July 17, 2018 / Aniyah Booth
Total costs are made up of fixed costs, those costs that are required for production but do not change based on output, and variable costs, those costs that increase or decrease as output increases or decreases. For example, if an organization manufactures desktop computer screens, the glass screens, plastic casings, electrical boards and wires, and screws are all variable costs. The cost of the facility they are made in and the equipment used to assemble the monitors are fixed costs. It doesn't matter if one monitor is made or 100, the cost of the facility and equipment will remain fixed.
Earnings per share, the value of earnings per share of outstanding common stock, is a very important measure to assess a company's financial health. When reporting financial results, revenue and EPS are the two most commonly assessed metrics. EPS is reported on a company's income statement, and only public companies are required to report it. In their earnings reports, companies report both primary and diluted EPS, but the focus is generally on the more conservative diluted EPS measure. Dilutive EPS is considered a conservative metric because it indicates a worst-case scenario in terms of EPS.
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