Finance Formulas / July 21, 2018 / Alia Marquez
Conversely, firms in sectors, such as utilities and telecommunications, which have large asset bases will have lower asset turnover. Since this ratio can vary widely from one industry to the next, considering the asset turnover ratios of a retail company and a telecommunications company will not make for an accurate comparison. Comparisons are only meaningful when they are made for different companies within the same sector.
The accounting equation, also known as the balance sheet equation, is written as Assets = Liabilities + Equity and underpins the balance sheet's foundation. The accounting equation is the foundation of double entry accounting, and displays that all assets are either financed by borrowing money or paying with the money of the company's shareholders.
Return on equity (ROE) measures the rate of return on the ownership interest or shareholders’ equity of the common stock owners. It is a measure of a company’s efficiency at generating profits using the shareholders’ stake of equity in the business. In other words, return on equity is an indication of how well a company uses investment funds to generate earnings growth. It is also commonly used as a target for executive compensation, since ratios such as ROE tend to give management an incentive to perform better. Returns on equity between 15% and 20% are generally considered to be acceptable.
The cash flow statement provides data for ratios dealing with cash. For example, the payout ratio is the percentage of net income paid out to investors. Both dividends and share repurchases are considered outlays of cash and can be found on the cash flow statement. For example, if dividends are $100,000, share repurchases are $100,000, and income is $400,000, the payout ratio is calculated by dividing $200,000 by $400,000, which is 50%.
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