Finance Formulas / April 16, 2018 / Kenley Hopper
In other words, the breakeven point is equal to the total fixed costs divided by the difference between the unit price and variable costs. Note that in this formula, fixed costs are stated as a total of all overhead for the firm, whereas Price and Variable Costs are stated as per unit costs—the price for each product unit sold.
Annual Percentage rate (APR) explains the cost of borrowing with a variety of loans, including credit cards and mortgage loans. Costs are quoted as a percentage. For example, if your loan has an APR of 10 percent, you would pay $10 per $100 that you borrow each year. All other things being equal, the loan with the lowest APR is typically least expensive—but it’s usually more complicated than that.
For example, an investor starts her own business with $100,000 and earns $120,000 in profits during the first year. Her accounting profit is $20,000. But that same year, she could have earned an income of $45,000 working as an employee for ABC Corporation. The investor’s economic profit for the year is actually a loss of $25,000.
The higher the debt ratio, the more leveraged a company is, implying greater financial risk. At the same time, leverage is an important tool that companies use to grow, and many businesses find sustainable uses for debt.
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