Finance Formulas / July 18, 2018 / Chanel Cleveland
Economic profit is the difference between the revenue a firm earns from sales and the firm’s total opportunity costs. It’s important to distinguish between accounting profit and economic profit. Accounting profit is total revenue minus the explicit costs of producing goods or services. Explicit costs are things like raw materials and employee wages. This is what most people are referring to when they talk about profit.
There are many variations when it comes to what you can use for your cash flows and discount rate in a DCF analysis. For example, free cash flows can be calculated as operating profit + depreciation + amortization of goodwill - capital expenditures - cash taxes - change in working capital. Although the calculations are complex, the purpose of DCF analysis is simply to estimate the money you'd receive from an investment and to adjust for the time value of money.
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