Finance Formulas / July 24, 2018 / Cecelia Weiss
It's important to note that the CFS is distinct from the income statement and balance sheet because it does not include the amount of future incoming and outgoing cash that has been recorded on credit. Therefore, cash is not the same as net income, which on the income statement and balance sheet, includes cash sales and sales made on credit.
Assets include anything a company owns that has monetary value, even if it can't be readily sold. They are split into two classes current assets, which refers to assets that a company can (or will) sell within one year, and long-term assets, which are the assets a company cannot (or doesn't plan to) sell within a year.
DebtEquity (DE) Ratio, calculated by dividing a company’s total liabilities by its stockholders' equity, is a debt ratio used to measure a company's financial leverage. The DE ratio indicates how much debt a company is using to finance its assets relative to the value of shareholders’ equity.
Stockholders' equity is the amount of the company that is "owned" by investors. A good way to think of stockholders' equity is the amount of money that stockholders would theoretically get if the company decided to close its doors, sell its assets, and pay all of its debts. This includes preferred equity as well as common stockholders' equity.
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