# Financial Analysis Principles Accounting Lecture Notes Docsity Return Common Stockholders Equity Formula This Only Preview Roe Finance What Average Does Mean Stand For Ratio

Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Aniyah Booth

## Rate Of Return On Investment Formula

### Profit And Loss Formula

#### Return On Equity Ratio Formula

##### Cash Flow To Creditors Formula
###### Sales Formula

Bond valuation is a technique for determining the theoretical fair value of a particular bond. Bond valuation includes calculating the present value of the bond's future interest payments, also known as its cash flow, and the bond's value upon maturity, also known as its face value or par value. Because a bond's par value and interest payments are fixed, an investor uses bond valuation to determine what rate of return is required for a bond investment to be worthwhile.

The purpose of the customer lifetime value metric is to assess the financial value of each customer. Don Peppers and Martha Rogers are quoted as saying, some customers are more equal than others. Customer lifetime value differs from customer profitability or CP (the difference between the revenues and the costs associated with the customer relationship during a specified period) in that CP measures the past and CLV looks forward. As such, CLV can be more useful in shaping managersâ€™ decisions but is much more difficult to quantify. While quantifying CP is a matter of carefully reporting and summarizing the results of past activity, quantifying CLV involves forecasting future activity.

### Rate This Return On Common Stockholders Equity Formula

63 out of 100 based on 926 user ratings
1 Star 2 Stars 3 Stars 4 Stars 5 Stars

Knowingpains