Finance Formulas / July 22, 2018 / Alia Marquez
You can use the bond yield formula to determine the return you’ll realize by holding a bond to maturity. The required yield, conversely, is the return a bond must offer to make it worthwhile to investors, and it’s usually the same yield offered by other plain vanilla bonds in the market with similar credit quality and maturity. Once you’ve decided on the required yield, you can figure out the yield.
Cash flow is calculated by making certain adjustments to net income by adding or subtracting differences in revenue, expenses and credit transactions (appearing on the balance sheet and income statement) resulting from transactions that occur from one period to the next. These adjustments are made because non-cash items are calculated into net income (income statement) and total assets and liabilities (balance sheet).
The higher the debt ratio, the more leveraged a company is, implying greater financial risk. At the same time, leverage is an important tool that companies use to grow, and many businesses find sustainable uses for debt.
A ratio under 1 indicates that a company’s liabilities are greater than its assets and suggests that the company in question would be unable to pay off its obligations if they came due at that point. While a current ratio below 1 shows that the company is not in good financial health, it does not necessarily mean that it will go bankrupt.
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