# Economics Archive Ember Chegg Total Formula Media Naomi Nice Nails Manicuring Business Avc Profit Equation Calculate Revenue Function Define Equals Marginal Order Optimum Economic

Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Aniyah Booth

## Inflation Rate Formula Gdp

### Roi Calculation Formula

#### Labor Efficiency Variance Formula

##### Sales Formula
###### Return On Equity Ratio Formula

The formula for debt-service coverage ratio requires net operating income and total debt service of the entity. Net operating income is a company's revenue minus its operating expenses, not including taxes and interest payments. It is often considered equivalent of earnings before interest and tax (EBIT). Some calculations include non-operating income in EBIT, however, which is never the case for net operating income. As a lender or investor comparing different companies' credit-worthiness – or a manager comparing different years' or quarters' – it is important to apply consistent criteria when calculating DSCR. As a borrower, it is important to realize that lenders may calculate DSCR in slightly different ways.

Coupon bonds are rare since most modern bonds are not issued in certificate or coupon form. Instead, bonds are formed electronically, though some holders still prefer to own paper certificates. For this reason, the coupon bond simply refers to the rate it projects rather than its physical nature in the form of certificates or coupons.

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