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Finance Formulas / July 19, 2018 / Tatiana Douglas

Bond valuation, in effect, is calculating the present value of a bond’s expected future coupon payments. The theoretical fair value of a bond is calculated by discounting the present value of its coupon payments by an appropriate discount rate. The discount rate used is the yield to maturity, which is the rate of return that an investor will get if she reinvested every coupon payment from the bond at a fixed interest rate until the bond matures. It takes into account the price of a bond, par value, coupon rate, and time to maturity.

Annual percentage rate (APR) is the annualized interest rate on a loan or investment which doesn’t account for the effect of compounding. It is the annualized form of the periodic rate which when applied to a loan or investment balance gives the interest expense or income for the period. In most cases it is the interest rate quoted by banks and other financial intermediaries on various products i.e. loans, mortgages, credit cards, deposits, etc. It is also called the nominal annual interest rate or simple interest rate.

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